Before undergoing a hair transplant procedure, it is important to have some basic blood tests done to see whether you are medically fit and are not having any pre existing disease, like infection, diabetes or any bleeding disorders. Besides this tests to rule out HIV and Viral liver disease are also done.If you are on anticoagulants or ‘blood thinners’, they must be discontinued 5 days prior to the procedure. Alcohol intake and smoking must be stopped at least a week before surgery, as these interfere in healing and graft uptake may be hampered.
Hair on the head is not to be trimmed and one should not shave for 2-3 days prior to the surgery, as beard hair may have to be used for the purpose of transplant.
Hair oils are to be discontinued, but shampoos can be regularly used.
And lastly, on the day of surgery, if one is on medications for any disease such as Diabetes, Blood Pressure or Thyroid disorders, medicines must be taken as per the daily routine. And one must have a good and proper breakfast and most importantly, be mentally relaxed in preparation for the surgery.
Antibiotic ointment can be applied to the donor area after cleaning with sterile water.
A saline spray bottle will be provided, which has to be sprayed on the transplanted area at 2-3 hourly intervals for 5-7 days after the surgery.
After the surgery, avoid sleeping prone, so that pressure is not put on the implanted grafts, to prevent them from getting damaged. Avoid touching or fiddling with the transplanted grafts and also take care that your head does not bump into any object, wall or car.
After the first hair wash on the 7th day, you can use your normal shampoo as was used before surgery.
Normal activity can be resumed from the next day itself but heavy physical activity should be avoided for at least 7 days.
A loose surgical cap can be worn on the head or preferably, if at home, don’t wear anything on the head. During sleeping, remove the cap from the head.